Like the atmospheric, transitory skies of this week, the Friedrich paintings awakened my pensiveness, that side of me I discovered as a young girl when, unable to sleep, I stood on the balcony off of my room, listened to the Gulf waves stroke the sand, and sang to the air,
"Bows and flows of angel hair
And ice cream castles in the air
And feather canyons everywhere
I’ve looked at clouds that way”*
How do you paint clouds like that?...
…I asked George Rodrigue, as we drove from Flagstaff, Arizona to Gallup, New Mexico and studied the sky. Behind us the darkness obscured the sunset so that the light jumped over the thunderclouds, causing an interesting sky in the East.
“It’s very tricky,” he said. “You have to figure out the layers first. You paint the entire canvas with the color of the farthest clouds, so that the sky itself becomes a cloud. That’s your foundation.”
Why didn’t you paint clouds in your Cajun paintings? I asked him.
"There was no room!”
I knew immediately what he meant. Once he pushed the oak tree to the front of the canvas, the sky was full, and clouds would have muddied the composition. (for examples see any of the Cajun posts under 'Popular Musings' to the right of this essay).
With the Blue Dog paintings, however, George paints clouds in the same way he paints flowers, with little connection to the real world. His clouds are simple and stylized, so that no element of the painting has more weight than any other.
An homage to Matisse (1869-1954), George’s cloud-style is veritable wallpaper, replacing the traditional subject, foreground, and background with a controlled pattern. Nothing is random, and there is no hint of reality. It’s as though the clouds are clip-art, cut out and glued onto the sky with perfect spacing. Unlike real clouds, there is no potential for movement or change. (pictured, Blue Window by Henri Matisse, 1913)
Whether Rodrigue’s Blue Dog or Matisse’s vase of flowers, the same can be said for every shape in the painting. No element, nor the space between the elements, is more important than any other.
Because of the patterns and strong colors, George’s cloud paintings are far removed from the ethereal quality of a real sky. As an artist, his canvas changes with his moods, and these cloud paintings, twenty or so images between 1999 and 2001, have an almost child-like joy about them, while at the same time a studied control.
How different from his moody Landscapes of the 1970s; the fragmented Blue Dogs of post-Katrina; and the mysticism of Bodies, where the control, although still important, is subjugated to the concept or symbolism of the overall work.
These mood changes are familiar to each of us within our own lives, and George is not the first artist to recognize the clouds as symbols of our transitory existence and emotions.
“But now they only block the sun
They rain and snow on everyone
So many things I would have done
But clouds got in my way”*
Since I write this from Santa Fe, I would be remiss if I didn’t mention the famous cloud paintings of Georgia O’Keeffe (1887-1986). She also avoids realism and yet I’ve seen her clouds from an airplane, on a perfectly arranged day, so that they splinter into small, even puffs, creating a predictable white pattern over the blue backdrop. (pictured, Sky Above Clouds by Georgia O’Keeffe, 1962)
With this essay in mind, George and I stared at the sky this week. We thought out loud about the wonders of nature and the challenges of painting it. We pulled off the road and studied the sky’s patterns and colors. We thought about the early Spanish settlers crossing these prairies for the first time. We vowed to reread together Death Comes for the Archbishop (Willa Cather, 1927) before our return visit this winter.
And we reminisced: George talked about his early years in Santa Fe and the artist friends awaiting his visit (see the next post...). And I recalled my childhood, standing on the balcony on Okaloosa Island, dreaming about my future and, even at a young age, the meaning of life and relationships.
“I’ve looked at clouds from both sides now
From up and down, and still somehow
It’s cloud illusions I recall
I really don’t know clouds at all”
*from the song “Both Sides Now,” written by Joni Mitchell in March of 1967 (the same month and year of my birth, along with many of my FWBHS classmates: “It’s life’s illusions I recall; I really don’t know life at all.”*)
all photographs in this post shot by George Rodrigue in Arizona and New Mexico, October 2010; for our journey west, earlier this summer, see "America the Beautiful"
for more on Rodrigue's Santa Fe history and paintings, visit here